Weather patterns, shifts in temperature, fossil fuels, and human activities were top of the agenda during the Historically Black College and University (HBCU) segment of STEM City’s inaugural Green Summit. The featured HBCU was the University of the District of Columbia (UDC) and the topic focused on the college’s contributions to advancing urban resilience, environmental and equity to address climate change.
Pradeep K. Behera is a professor and chair of the civil engineering department in UDC’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Dr. Behera’s research interests include water resources engineering, urban stormwater management, sustainable urban water systems, and
“Climate change matters,” Behera said. “Temperature increases lead to sea level rise and increase in precipitation which impacts health, agriculture, forest, water resources, our coastal communities, and our biosphere. Because of population growth, we have greenhouse gases that increase temperature changes so there is precipitation change, sea level change, and extreme events occurring.
As a part of Solution Providers to Climate Change at District, Regional, National, and Global, UDC is engaged in various academic and research programs to address climate change-related issues. They include:
In 1900, two out of every ten people lived in an urban area. By 1990, it was estimated that four out of every ten people lived in a metropolitan area. The number has been rising incrementally, and it is anticipated that by 2030, six out of every ten people will live in a metro area.
Population growth comes with increased resource consumption, energy needs, and industrialization to meet demand, Behera said. Burning fossil fuels puts carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Burning coal, oil, and natural gas is warming the planet, as carbon dioxide increases in the atmosphere, and long-term weather patterns are changing.
Since 1880, scientists have kept thermometer-based records of the global surface temperature. Pre-industrial to current records show the planet is becoming warmer and that there is climate change on a local and international scale.
With minor changes in temperatures becoming average, there are significant changes in extremes. Warmer air comes with more evaporation and more precipitation. Over the last couple of years, we have seen record-breaking rainfall, ocean heating, higher tides, and more floods.